I think the term "jazz chart" is too broad to define. In the band with which I play (a traditional New Orleans' style), we play by ear - total improv, save for the rhythm section which may use a chord chart only. Large jazz and swing bands with sections may have their whole arrangement written out (notes and chords) with notations for solos from various instruments. It varies . . . DAVE
I'd say 'chart' is just a generic term for written music. It could be anything from a chart of the chord progression, to a full-on sheet of written music with the chords also indicated. I guess I'm just repeating what Dave Dolson said.
Most jazz is improvised, without charts. I find the term 'jazz chart' kind of an oxymoron. But of course most jazz tunes are based on a progression that can be written out.
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