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can you tell me if the selmer action 2 from the 1991 series is painted black or if it's varnish? and what changes in the black sound?
Yes it is “ paint "( I don’t know what you mean by paint or varnish, varnish is transparent and paint is not both are coatings ) or maybe better defined as black lacquer over brass.

It may wear out , Selmer used to make a wide range of color lacquers (white, pink, blue, red ) and there are several example as what happens to it in time.

The sound thing is nonsense, even the claim of high frequency, do you seriously think that paint OUTSIDE the horn may do anything at all, and as always, realize that you hold the saxophone in your hand, put it in the mouth and hold it against your clothes .

EVEN IF sypathetic vibrations of a minute amplitude compared to the air column vibration had any effect they would be dampended by all these contact points?

Take a suspended church bell, hit it with a mallet, BONG! , now hold it with your hand and hit it again with a mallet... TAK! because the hand kills any vibration.
Take te same wooden mallet and hit , carefully, your saxophone, it sounds TAK or Thud , hold the bell with one hand, it still sound Tak or Thud.


players who play with their eyes (there are many) believe it matters . Once I met someone who thought that Silver plating (few microns thin) could be detected by “ touch” , she said that it is EVIDENTLY thicker than lacquer (NOT!)
 

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Nitrocellulose was used for a very long time in the music industry and in particular in guitar making, virtually all of the production certainly until the more modern epoxy varnishes were introduced were made of nitrocellulose and it is still used in some cases to this day.

In the saxophone industry the use of Nitrocellulose is NOW no longer popular or even possible as usual we have spoken about this before but it was also the standard of the industry.


Selmer USED at one time Nitrocellulose but no longer does now.

Nitrocellulose tends to crack in time the nice bit is that it may be removed rather easily

In some countries (such as the Netherlands) the black Selmers were not popular at all (and still are not) so the few which there are, sometimes tend to be valued less than gold lacquer (there is no gold in gold lacquer!) ones
 

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yes, was a very common thing as you read in the thread I mentioned above, some nitrocellulose were responsible for the typical craquelure of the Martin from the ’50-’60, it darkens considerably over time , obviously this doesn’t affect then “ black” one, it is really easy to remove, sometimes just hot water is enough
 

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they aren’t easy to find, if you “ need” one , as said before they are very difficult to sell in the Netherlands (where few people purchase saxophones in colors ) so he may have got it for a good price. A SA 80 II tenor can be bought is any other color for €2500 so you will be paying quite a premium for the lacquer but then again, if that’s what you want, there aren’t too many around.
 
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