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As far as the finish, that is any coating on the horn to protect the brass or silver, there would be next to no difference in any kind of lacquer or paint on the sax. With that finish removed, the sax might be more resonant but will still sound the same although it may be more responsive to the player. These differences are on the level of nuances, not 'night and day', but if you string together enough small improvements they can have a cumulative effect.
The material the instrument is made of and its condition, as in 'work hardened' or 'annealed', will definitely affect its playing characteristics. On the tenor sax the larger-volume neck with its double curve is particularly affected by the shape and material. The other necks are too small and straight to get much benefit from different materials but its not impossible.
I believe these differences will be more apparent to the player as better playing than to a listener as a change in tone, although experienced sax players will be able to hear the differences. I can show you the difference in a Sterling silver neck and a brass neck of the same type by the same manufacturer. You will also hear the difference if I just change a ligature.
When it comes the saxes with different materials in the body, bow and bell (any combination) the only meaningful comparison would be to a sax of the same model with all brass but since they are different horns it may not be conclusive.
Now we have plating to consider. Plating may be done over a polished or blasted finish or some combination of the two, but either way the plating, being a metal, becomes part of the wall thickness, so the various tubes are thicker than the plain brass horn, particularly with gold plating because it requires a substrate such as nickel or silver for the gold to bond. Then plating is typically clear-coated for protection from tarnish just like a lacquered sax, which must act as a bit of an insulating blanket. Again, direct comparisons are not really feasible because you would be playing two different saxes. You would simply have to play the horns in question and decide if the extra expense is worth it.
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