Adolphe Sax, the Belgian inventor, patented the saxophone in 1846. His invention combined the single reed of the clarinet with the bore and fingering patterns of the oboe, producing unique tonal qualities.
Saxophones are made in seven sizes and pitch levels, spanning the entire spectrum of wind-instrument pitches.
The most common are the Soprano,
Alto, Tenor and Baritone saxophones.
Although composers of classical music have written for it, the instrument has been most effectively used in jazz and popular music, and the number jazz performers risen to fame playing the sax is ever increasing.
The cartoon courtesy of Kim Pelletier